As reported by UNICEF (UNICEF), present in the world, nearly 50 million children have had to flee their homes to escape the violent conflict, poverty and other causes.
According to UNICEF, of the nearly 50 million children displaced inside and outside the country, with 28 million children are displaced to flee violence and instability, more than 20 million children have migrated to looking for a better life, despite the journey contains many hidden dangers. Now, every 200 children worldwide put the 1 child is refugees.
The data collected shows a worrying fact that only in the last one decade, the number of refugee children has doubled and now accounts for nearly half of those who have fled their homes.
The UNICEF report also stated that there are about 10 million child refugees, 1 million children are applying for asylum with uncertain future, and 17 million children are trapped in the border areas in the countryside its flavor. Notably, 45% of refugee children originated from Syria and Afghanistan 2.
Status of migrant children without adult accompany also increasing as 100,000 children alone to apply for asylum in 78 countries in 2015, increased 3 times compared with 2014. More dangerous, in the first 6 months of 2016, 5,222 minors without chaperones were reported missing, after fleeing from the reception center to continue the journey to Italy and “promised land” in Europe . They become “invisible” and therefore, more vulnerable than before to violence and exploitation.
Right in the report, UNICEF stressed, “These children may be refugees, displaced persons or migrants in the country, but first and foremost, we are all children! Whether we are, coming from or belonging ingredients … are not the most important issue. “
Need more effort
Oxfam – one of the charitable organizations in the world, recently appealed to the Government of Italy and the European partners should act immediately to provide support systems for children migrant children alone on accommodation and other essential necessities, so they can live a safe life.
10/9 days past, the European Commission (EU), said that part of the emergency assistance of $ 129 million which is an additional block for migrants and refugees are trapped in Greece, will be transferred to humanitarian organizations for the purpose of improving the shelter and help the refugee children have access to education – after a report said that the current refugee children have the ability to leave school chair 5 times higher than before.
In parallel, UNICEF also introduced measures to strengthen the system of child protection, including the training of social workers, working with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and professional groups to maximize the effectiveness of the campaign supports refugee children.
The organization also called for strengthening collective efforts of governments, communities and the private sector to provide services in education, health, housing, nutrition, water and sanitation, as well as helping children get legal aid and psychosocial. Because, according to UNICEF, this is not only a collective responsibility, but also for the common good of the whole society.
“Every child refugee is a reminder of the enormous challenges that the world faces, and so we need to put more efforts in supporting the children of migrants and refugees, as they deserve our help, “UNICEF Deputy executive Director Justin Forsyth stressed on CNN.