“My name is Ali, 13 years old. You’re doing the job shining shoes was 2 years. Money earned, I buy food and clothes for himself and his brother, “just shoeshine boy, said the reporter DW (German). Parents Ali was killed Boko Haram. Ali shining shoes to earn money to take care of themselves and rearing children. Just a short walk on the streets of Maiduguri, northern Nigeria, people easily catch the kids like Ali Usman. All are trying to make a living. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, 50.8% of children working full-time Nigeria.
“Child labor is recognized in many ways. Forced labor, prostitution, working in gold mines are just a few examples, “Charbonneau Ninja of the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said. Most children in Africa working in the field of agriculture and animal husbandry, as well as assisting in small family businesses.
“The damage that children suffer is enormous. They have lost years of childhood beautiful. These children can not grow up in a normal way and carefree as their rights. Often the children do not go to school and that is inherently vicious circle.
No education, when they grow up, they are less likely to get a job with a high salary, “Charbonneau said.
Assitan Diallo Fofana, president of the Association to promote and protect the rights of female workers and children in Mali said that, in Mali, thousands of young girls move from the countryside to the city. They are migrant workers who work in the household to help parents. Many are minors have never attended school or have dropped out of school. International Labor Organization of the United Nations (ILO) stipulates minimum working age is 15. However, international standards are often only included in a part of national law.
“The prohibition of child labor is not enough”
The fight to prevent child labor in Africa seems stalled. According to UNICEF, the number of minors working increased in the period 2012 – 2016, despite efforts by the governments of African countries against child labor. “There are many causes of this condition, but the main reason is the sluggish economic development, conflict, violence. The rise in poverty in Mali, Somalia and Sudan to force children to help families ensure their livelihood. Many displaced families should not have a job. Sadly over the case breadwinner killed or separated from family, “Charbonneau said.
UNICEF is committed to ending child labor by 2025. According to Charbonneau, with the African countries, changing laws is not enough. “The prohibition of child labor is not enough. Require fundamental changes to the whole environment and working conditions, “Charbonneau said.
Charbonneau emphasizes four approaches: “First, legislation banning child labor is strong enough to be implemented effectively.
Second, improvement of life circumstances family. For example, must have the social protection in case both parents are unemployed. Parents need employment opportunities and pay accordingly to parenting. In addition, there must be an opportunity for free education and high quality for children. Third, the need to change perceptions. Everyone must deeply understand that, child labor seriously affect the development of children.
Fourth, enterprises, companies, the employers have to say “no” to child labor “.
Ariane GENTHON, program officer of child labor in agriculture at the Organization for Food and Agriculture of the United Nations (FAO) said, more and more government action to help solve the problem of child labor in agriculture.
“However, this is a complex issue and can not be solved only by an intervention or goodwill of a nation. We need cooperation from countries, sectors through system solutions to solve the problem of child labor in agriculture “, Ariane
Ariane Genthon, program officer child labour in agriculture at the food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) said, more and more government action to help solve the problem of child labour in agriculture. “However, this is a complicated issue and cannot be resolved only by an intervention or goodwill of a nation. Very needed coordination from the country, the areas through the system solution to solve the problem of child labour in agriculture, “Ariane Genthon said